Dry Eyes: causes, symptoms and treatment

eye care, Eye Health

Dry Eyes: causes, symptoms and treatment

Dry eyes are a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a condition where the eyes fail to produce enough tears, or the tears produced are of poor quality, causing discomfort and irritation. According to a report by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) , dry eyes affect around one in three people in the UK at some point in their lives. It is a common eye condition that can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in older adults, especially women. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of dry eyes. We will also highlight the importance of seeking professional help from an experienced optician such as Eye Emporium and Open Eye, providing comprehensive eye care services in several locations in London.

The Causes of Dry Eyes

Several factors can contribute to the development of dry eyes:

-Aging: as people age, their tear production decreases, and the composition of their tears can change, making them less effective at lubricating the eyes.

-Certain medications: such as antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, and blood pressure medications, can cause dry eyes as a side effect by reducing tear production or altering the composition of the tears.

-Medical conditions: that cause inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, and lupus, can affect the tear glands and lead to dry eyes.

-Environmental factors: such as air conditioning, wind, and smoke can cause the evaporation of tears and lead to dry eyes. In addition, exposure to dry or low-humidity environments can also contribute to dry eyes.

-Prolonged use of digital devices: people who use digital devices such as smartphones, laptops, and computers for prolonged periods often experience dry eyes. This is because staring at a screen can cause them to blink less frequently, which can lead to a decrease in tear production and cause dryness and irritation.

-Hormonal changes: such as menopause, pregnancy, birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can also affect the production and quality of tears, which can lead to dry eyes.

-Contact lenses: wearing contact lenses for extended periods can cause dry eyes, especially if the lenses are not cleaned properly or do not fit well.

-Eye surgery: certain eye surgeries, such as LASIK, can cause temporary dry eyes as a side effect.

It's important to note that the causes of dry eyes can vary from person to person, and some people may have multiple contributing factors. If you are experiencing symptoms of dry eyes, it's best to consult with an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

The Symptoms of Dry Eyes

The symptoms of dry eyes can vary from mild to severe, including itching, burning, stinging redness, and blurred vision. In some cases, people may experience excessive tearing as the eyes try to compensate for the lack of moisture. In addition, the frequency and duration of symptoms can also vary, with some people experiencing symptoms only occasionally, while others may have constant symptoms.

The Treatment for Dry Eyes

The treatment for dry eyes depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Mild cases can be treated with over-the-counter eye drops and lifestyle modifications such as taking frequent breaks from digital devices, staying hydrated, and avoiding smoke and other irritants. However, if the condition persists or worsens, it is essential to seek professional help from an experienced optician such as Eye Emporium and Open Eye. We can diagnose the underlying cause of dry eyes and provide customised treatment options such as prescription eye drops, punctual plugs, and lifestyle modifications.


Eye Emporium and Open Eye are opticians that have been providing comprehensive eye care services in London for over 25 years. We have a team of experienced optometrists who can diagnose and treat a wide range of eye conditions, including dry eyes. We use the latest diagnostic equipment to identify the underlying cause of the dry eyes and provide customised treatment options tailored to each patient's needs. We also offer a wide range of high-quality eyewear products, including men's and women's glasses, to help patients see better and feel confident.

Dry eyes can be a bothersome condition that can impact a person's quality of life. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment from an experienced optician patients can manage their symptoms effectively and improve their overall eye health.

If you are experiencing dry eyes or any other eye-related concerns, don't hesitate to book an appointment or alternatively contact your branch.


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