How to Control Myopia and Protect Your Vision
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common condition that's on the rise worldwide. In this article, we will cover why myopia control is important and the various strategies you can use to slow down or halt its progression. According to a study published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology in 2020, the prevalence of myopia in the UK has been increasing over the past few decades, particularly among younger generations. This suggests that myopia is a growing public health concern in the UK, and efforts to control its progression and prevent associated complications are becoming increasingly important.
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Why Is Myopia Control Important?
Myopia can affect your quality of life by making it difficult to see things at a distance, and it can lead to more serious eye problems down the line. With the prevalence of myopia on the rise, myopia control is becoming increasingly important to prevent the onset of high myopia, which can cause permanent vision loss.
How to control Myopia?
There are several effective strategies for myopia control that can slow down or even halt the progression of myopia. These include atropine eye drops, orthokeratology, multifocal glasses, and lifestyle changes.
-Atropine Eye Drops is a medication that dilates the pupil and temporarily paralyzes the muscles that control the eye's focus. This paralysis prevents the eye from elongating and can slow down the progression of myopia. Atropine eye drops have been shown to reduce the progression of myopia by up to 60%.
-Orthokeratology (Ortho-k) is a non-surgical procedure that uses specially designed rigid contact lenses to reshape the cornea while you sleep. The lenses gently flatten the center of the cornea, which reduces the amount of myopia. Ortho-k lenses have been shown to reduce the progression of myopia in children by up to 50%.
-Multifocal Glasses are designed with multiple prescriptions, so they allow for clear vision at multiple distances. Research has shown that multifocal glasses can slow down the progression of myopia by up to 50%.
There are two main types of multifocal glasses: progressive lenses and bifocal lenses:
-Progressive lenses are eyeglass lenses that provide a smooth, gradual transition between the prescription for seeing things far away and the prescription for seeing things up close.
-Bifocal lenses, on the other hand, have a visible line on the lens that separates the prescription for seeing things far away from the prescription for seeing things up close. The top part of the lens is for distance vision, while the bottom part of the lens is for near vision.
-Lifestyle changes: spending time outdoors has been shown to reduce the risk of developing myopia, and can also slow down its progression. Reducing screen time is another important lifestyle change that can help control myopia. Encouraging your child to spend at least two hours a day outdoors can be an effective way to reduce the risk of myopia.
Myopia can be corrected using various methods, including prescription glasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery. These methods work by changing the way that light enters the eye, allowing it to focus properly on the retina and improving vision.
Eyeglasses are the most common and non-invasive methods of correcting myopia. They work by adjusting the way that light enters the eye, compensating for the myopic prescription and allowing the wearer to see clearly. These corrective lenses can be customized to the individual's specific needs and can be adjusted as their prescription changes over time. We offer a wide range of glasses for men and women, available online or at a branch near you.
. If you or your child are experiencing symptoms of myopia, such as blurred vision, headaches, or eye strain, it's important to book an appointment with an experienced optician in London such as Eye Emporium or Open Eye. An eye test will determine if myopia is present and, if so, to what extent. This information will help the optician near you determine the best course of action for myopia control.
At Eye Emporium and Open Eye, we have experienced optometrists and opticians in London who are trained to diagnose and manage myopia, and can provide customized treatment plans based on each patient's needs. Booking an eye test with Eye Emporium is very easy and can be done online at any time.
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